Gemstone Guide

Gemstone Guide

Amethyst

Hue and tone

Amethyst has a light pinkish violet to a deep purple but may exhibit one or both secondary hues, red and blue.   

Mythology

Amethyst belongs to the quartz family .  Named from the Greek word "amethustos",  meaning without wine.  Amethyst is an especially powerful stone, a symbol of sincerity, security, and peace of mind.   It protects, reduces negativity and brings spirituality - hence the name "Pope Stone”.

The story of the origin of amethyst comes from Greek legends: The god of wine, Bacchus, was insulted one day by a mere mortal. He swore the next mortal that crossed his path, would be attacked by his fierce tigers. Along came a beautiful maiden named Amethyst. Goddess Diana turned Amethyst in a beautiful statue of quartz to save her from the tigers claws. Remorseful Bacchus wept tears of wine over the stone maiden, creating a lively purple stone. Purple color has long been considered a royal color so it is not surprising that amethyst has been so popular through the history. Fine amethysts are featured in the British Crown Jewels and were also a favorite of Catherine the Great and Egyptian royalty.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil  Uruguay South Korea  Russia  Southern Africa  USA

 

Aquamarine

Hue and tone

Aquamarine belongs to the beryl  family of minerals. The name comes from the Latin word  ”aqua” meaning water and “mare” meaning sea.

Mythology

Aquamarine  is the birthstone for the month of March.  Aquamarine has also been used to protect against gossip.  In medieval Europe, aquamarine was believed to re-awaken love in a marriage and to make soldiers invincible in battle. The Greeks believed that aquamarine would absorb the energy of young love and was considered the best gift for a groom to give his bride after consummating their marriage. Ancient tradition has it that carrying an aquamarine is supposed to guarantee a happy marriage and to make its owner happy and rich. Aquamarine was traditionally worn by sailors to protect them from the water and against storms. It is said that it is a mermaid’s treasure often given or offered to sailors for good luck and protection.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil, Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, Angola, Nigeria

 Aventurine Stones

Aventurine

Hue and tone

Aventurine is most commonly found in a forest green color, but can also be found in orange, brown, yellow, blue, and gray. Although sometimes called “new jade”, aventurine often has inclusions (due to green fuchsite mica) which creates a speckle, differing from genuine jadeite.

Mythology

Sometimes called "Indian Jade" or the "stone of heaven," Green Aventurine is like the "good luck shamrock of the mineral kingdom".  It is known as the "gambler's stone" because it is the luckiest of all stones in games of chance.  It is often placed in charm bags to bring good fortune and money.  Aventurine can also be used to induce psychic dreams, to bring answers or to see into the future; it increases clairvoyance.  It is a good source of Earth energy. Aventurine is a member of the Quartz family. Spiritualists believe aventurine has the ability to purify the spirit and bring balance to male and female energies. Its capacity to calm and bring inner-peace makes aventurine a very important stone in the spiritual realm. It is also a prosperity stone. Green Aventurine is an alternate birthstone for the month of August, and is also the anniversary gemstone for the 8th year of marriage.

Geographic Distribution

India, Russia  Brazil, China, Japan, Tanzania, USA

Agate

Hue and tone

Agate usually occurs in cavities that have formed from volcanoes (especially ancient lavas). Agates are known to have bands that come in many colors and resemble the rings of a tree. Scientists say that Agate is created when gas bubbles inside of cooling lava include saline water. These gas bubbles with saline water turn into a gel. Since there is salt in the water, it attacks the surrounding iron in the lava and creates bands. These bands are extremely intricate and beautiful. It should be noted that no two stones are the same, making each Agate stone unique and more precious. Agate comes in many different colors and usually in its raw state is dull and rough. In order for Agate to show its true beauty it must be polished.

Mythology

Agate was highly valued as a talisman in ancient times and has been used as a traveler’s amulet (good luck charm) for centuries.  It is believed to bring good fortune, health, wealth and long life.  It's also said to bring self-confidence by banishing fear.  Some call its strange patterns 'cosmic caterpillar tracks'.  Others' swear that wearing these beads can heighten the spiritual consciousness and balance the body's physical and mental states

Geographic Distribution

USA, Mexico, Germany, Italy, Brazil, China, India, Africa

 

Amazonite

Hue and tone

Amazonite color varies from green, yellow-green to blue-green. The color distribution is irregular. Some gemstones may also exhibit fine white streaks. It is named after the Amazon river in Brazil. Surprisingly, no deposits of it have been found there. The name may refer to the variable green shades of the rainforest along the big river that are reflected in the gemstone.   

Mythology

Romantics claim that the beautiful green of the Amazon jungle is reflected in the stone that bears its name. A Brazilian legend tells that the Amazons, the legendary female warriors, gave green stones to the men who visited them.  Amazonite is said to calm one's emotions and soothe nerves, and to enhance creativity and the ability to express oneself. Perhaps the strongest recommendation of its metaphysical powers is that Amazonite is said to make your married life happier.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil, India, Kenya, Namibia, Russia and Zimbabwe

 

Bloodstone

Hue and tone

Bloodstone is dark-green variety of the silica mineral chalcedony that has nodules of bright-red jasper distributed throughout its mass. Polished sections therefore show red spots on a dark-green background, and from the resemblance of these to drops of blood it derives its name. Its physical properties are those of quartz.

Mythology

Bloodstone was treasured in ancient times and served for a long time as the birthstone for March. This attractive chalcedony quartz is also known as heliotrope because in ancient times polished stones were described as reflecting the sun: perhaps the appearance of the gem reminded the ancients of the red setting sun, mirrored in the ocean.Medieval Christians often used bloodstone to carve scenes of the crucifixion and martyrs, for which reason it was also dubbed the martyr's stone. According to the legend about the origin of bloodstone, it was first formed when drops of Christ's blood fell and stained some jasper at the foot of the cross. A beautiful example of carved bloodstone with the seal of the German Emperor Rudolf II can be seen at the Louvre in Paris.

Even today, finely pulverised bloodstone is used as a medicine and aphrodisiac in India. Perhaps that explains why it is now rather difficult to find fine specimens of bloodstone on the market.

Geographic Distribution

India, Australia, and USA

 

Carnelian

Hue and tone

Carnelian is a type of banded Chalcedony. Carnelian's translucent color ranges from yellow-orange to reddish-brown to a deep red, and is enhanced by exposure to the sun. 

Mythology

The name Carnelian comes from the Latin word "carnis" and translates to "flesh," probably noted as one of the many shades of the stone.  Carnelian is for confidence.  Carnelian is in tune with the energies of the Earth, making you feel anchored and comfortable with your environment.  Allowing you to pause and reflect, while feeling settled and more secure.  It is said to stimulate creativity and have a clearing effect, replacing negative energy with positive. Making it easier to find direction and feel in control of your life. A good stone for people starting new projects or who feel they are going nowhere.  It motivates, allowing you to find the energy to make the most out of life.

Geographic Distribution

India South America

 

Chrysoprase

Hue and tone

Chrysoprase is a member of the quartz family and is a variety of chalcedony. It is usually found in a beautiful apple green color, but sometimes is found in a deeper green. Chrysoprase is translucent and very bright in color. 

Mythology

The name chrysoprase comes from Greek meaning gold leek. Chrysoprase is also sometimes referred to as "Australian Jade". Chrysoprase is powerful stone. It is said to be the favorite gemstone of Alexander the Great. He wore it in his girdle during battle to ensure victory. It is said to bring good fortune and prosperity, as well as business success. It facilitates self-expression and courage and the ability to use them wisely. It can bring happiness, which is partly because it helps its wearer get rid of negative thoughts and irritability. It also enhances and strengthens friendships. Chrysoprase is a stone of balance that equalize yin/yang energies and allows deep meditation.

Geographic Distribution

Australia, Germany, Poland, Russia, United States, Brazil

 Blue Chalcedony

Blue Chalcedony

Hue and tone

Blue chalcedony is one of the many forms of chalcedonyBlue chalcedony from Namibia, often called African Blue, varies from grayish to nearly pure blue and from light to medium dark. Because of its ethereal color, piece after piece of blue chalcedony is featured in magazines like Lapidary Journal, Modern Jeweler, Metalsmith and Ornament.

Mythology

Blue chalcedony is a stone with a gentle energy that feels kind of dreamy. The natural energy coming from Blue Chalcedony has been described as being almost dream like, gentle, smooth as silk and flowing like a breeze upon the skin. It is said to foster balance between mind, body and spirit. It is a stone of calm and peace that is reputed to reduce or negate hostility, anger, and irritation. Blue chalcedony mystically soothes and fosters mental and emotional stability and can engender emotional honesty. Blue chalcedony has a very protective property, metaphysically, which is evidenced in both the physical and emotional realms, and it is used often for protection from the evil eye and protection from evil, particularly evil magic.

Geographic Distribution

Namibia

 Coral Stones

Coral

Hue and tone

Its color ranges from white to red. It grows in branches that look like underwater trees.  

Mythology

The origin of coral is explained in Greek mythology by the story of Perseus. Having petrified Cetus, the sea monster threatening Andromeda, Perseus placed Medusa's head on the riverbank while he washed his hands. When he recovered her head, he saw that her blood had turned the seaweed (in some variants the reeds) into red coral. Thus, the Greek word for coral is 'Gorgeia', as Medusa was one of the three Gorgons. Coral has been used as a gem since prehistoric times. With a history of religious meaning, like being one of the seven treasures in Buddhist scriptures. Coral was long thought to be a strong talisman against evil spirits and hurricanes.  Coral can be used to reconnect with nature and its variety of wonders. Coral also attracts love and prosperity, particularly red coral, which is a stone of passion. Creativity and optimism are also qualities that coral brings out. Emotionally, coral brings inner peace, strength, and understanding of purpose.

Geographic Distribution

Mediterranean Sea , Pacific off Japan ,Taiwan, South Pacific 

 

Citrine

Hue and tone

Citrine is a variety of quartz whose color ranges from a pale yellow to brown. The name is derived from Latin citrina which means "yellow" . Sometimes citrine and amethyst can be found together in the same crystal, which is then referred to as ametrine.

Mythology

Sunny and affordable, citrine brightens all jewelry, blending especially well with the yellow gleam of polished gold.  In ancient times citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. The yellow color is a natural reviver, and citrine focuses the mind bringing a feeling of self-esteem.  In medication it helps re-establish the link between your conscious and subconscious minds.  If you are feeling down, try holding citrine to lift your spirit. Citrine has warm energy, promotes optimism, and attracts abundance.   Known as a "merchants' stone”, placed in the cash register to not only acquire wealth but to maintain it as well. 

Geographic Distribution

Brazil, Bolivia, Arica and Soviet Union

 

Diamond

Hue and tone

Diamond is the most expensive gemstone in the category of gemstones. The most auspicious diamond is one that is colorless with a blue tinge or one, which sprays blue, and red rays and is without black dots.

Mythology

The Diamond with a red or yellow hue or tinge is said to be beneficial and auspicious for kings, political leaders and administrators. The Diamond having a white hue is suitable for religious, social and spiritual works. The Diamond of yellow hue showers success and prosperity. The Diamond of black hue is suitable for people who are engaged in inferior jobs or professions.

Geographic Distribution

Russia, Botswana, Congo, Angola, South Africa, Namibia, Australia,  Canada

 

 

Emerald

Hue and tone

Emeralds are fascinating gemstones which have most beautiful, most intense and most radiant green that can possibly be imagined: emerald green. Fine emeralds are even more valuable than diamonds.

Mythology

The name Emerald comes from the Greek via the Old French 'esmeralde', and means 'green gemstone'. The Incas and Aztecs of South America, where the best emeralds are still found today, regarded the emerald as a holy gemstone. Written many centuries ago, the Vedas, the holy scriptures of the Indians, say of the precious green gems and their healing properties: 'Emeralds promise good luck...' and 'The emerald enhances the well-being...'.  Goddess of learning, Saraswati sharpens the intellect of students, singers, dancers, and musicians by Her grace on those who wear Emerald. Emeralds increases eyesight, food grains, property, off springs and destroys black magic, bad effects by evil spirits and nightmares. 

Geographic Distribution

Colombia   Brazil   South Africa   Afghanistan   Australia  Zambia

 

Garnet

Hue and tone

Garnets are found in many colors including red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown, black, pink and colorless, but a reddish brown is the most common. 

Mythology

Garnet, derived its name from the Latin word granatus, meaning like a grain - referring to how their crystals resemble seeds embedded in the matrix. The use of garnets as a gemstone can be traced to prehistoric times.  Noah is recorded using a garnet lantern to steer his Ark through the darkness of the night. Garnets are found in jewelry from ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman eras. Travelers wore garnets as they were considered talismans and protective stones, because it was believed garnets illuminate the night and wore off evil.  Said to remove nightmares and depression. Today science says the proverbial luminosity of garnet is caused by its high refraction. The Garnet is known as the stone for a successful business. The Garnet is a stone of purity and truth as well as a symbol of love and compassion. 

Geographic Distribution

Africa, Australia, India, Soviet Union, Brazil, USA

 

Tourmaline

Hue and tone

Tourmaline is available in a wide variety of colors from black to bluish-black, dark brown, yellow, medium brown, blue to neon blue, lime to dark forrest green, red and reddish purple, yellow, pink, and colorless. Bi-colored and multicoloured tourmalines may be green at one end and pink at the other, watermelon tourmalines are green on the outside and pink on the inside. Some stones are diachronic meaning they appear to change color when viewed from different angles.

Mythology

The name Tourmaline comes from the Sinhalese (Sri Lanka) word tura mali which translates as the stone of mixed colors.  Pink tourmaline brings deep comforting love energy, joy, peace, understanding, transforms negative behavior into positive and healing emotional loss and pain. Black Tourmaline protects against negativity, encourages intellectual thought and vitality, especially for sensitive people. Green tourmaline represent life energy and life force and encourage creativity, prosperity, abundance and compassion. Rubellite (dark pink) tourmaline unites heart and body for love courage, passion, energy and steadiness. Watermelon tourmaline (red/pink and green) brings together compassion, emotional and spiritual love, empowers other tourmalines, corresponds to the astrological signs of Virgo and Gemini. Brown tourmaline encourages stability and practicality. Yellow tourmaline brings heightened intelligence and spiritual awareness.

Geographic Distribution

USA  Brazil Africa Afghanistan

 Iolite Stones

Iolite

Hue and tone

Iolite has a delicate and quite pretty violet blue color that is unlike other gemstones, although it has been compared to a light blue sapphire. It is this reason that it is sometimes known as "water sapphire".  In viewing an iolite stone, the colors violet blue, yellow gray and a light blue can be seen, all a result of pleochroism. 

Mythology

The name iolite comes from the Greek 'ion', which means violet. When Leif Eriksson and the other legendary Viking explorers ventured far out into the Atlantic Ocean, away from any coastline that could help them determine their position, they had a secret gem weapon: iolite. The Viking mariners used thin pieces of it as the world's first polarizing filter. Looking through an iolite lens, they were able to determine the exact position of the sun, and navigate their way safely to the New World and back. Iolite helps us to assume financial independence and gives one better ability in the management of money. It offers physical protection from disease, establishing a constitution that defies physical disorder. It enhances leadership ability, power, inner strength, self-confidence and executive ability.

Geographic Distribution

India, Sri Lanka, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Brazil

 Jaspar Stones

Jasper

Hue and tone

Jasper is a crystalline variety of quartz that contains up to 20% foreign material.  This is what determines the stone’s multicolor  which include red, brown, pink, yellow, green, grey/white and shades of blue and purple. It often contains organic material and mineral oxides which give it interesting patterns, bands and colors. Many of these patterns resemble landscapes with mountains and valleys. Landscape jasper, the most popular, offers a small panorama in stone. Ribbon jasper, picture jasper, and orbicular jasper are the names of other varieties

Mythology

Jasper is known as the "Patron stone of counselors and healers".  Jasper was known as the great "rain-bringer" in the fourth century. For thousands of years, black jasper was used to test gold-silver alloys for their gold content. Rubbing the alloys on the stone, called a touchstone, produces a streak the color of which determines the gold content within one part in one hundred. Jasper is one of the gemstones, that used in commesso, also called florentine mosaic. Commesso is a technique of fashioning pictures with thin, cut-to-shape pieces of brightly colored, semiprecious stones, developed in Florence in the late 16th century. Red jasper is an intensely protective stone, stabiliing the aura and bringing contentment . Poppy jasper is dark red with black flecks and thought to heal allergies to animals. Picture  jasper is pale brown with darker patterns - named from pictures formed by patterns caused by trapped fossilizes algae.  Picture jasper helps to evaluate life's issues and develop business pursuits leading to increase.  Fancy jasper is creamy brown with lavender or green swirls.  Believed to clear the mind, bring tranquility and eliminate worry and depression.  And green jasper is thought to be lucky in monetary trades.

Geographic Distribution

United States

 Jade

Jade

Hue and tone

ades appear in mottled green and white, and the rarer colors of yellow, pink, purple, and black. The range of greens are light to dark, creamy, grayish, and also white. The most valuable form of jade is known as imperial jade and comes from Myanmar, it is an emerald green color.  

Mythology

For 5,000 years Imperial China used the word "jade" as something precious.  Because jade is said to have all the attributes most valued in society.  A symbol of purity and serenity, it is delicate, but will not break - is beautiful, but not impermanent, it can be flawed with lines, but still pleasing. It is believed to radiate divine unconditional love and balance the emotions.  Held in the hand it can improve judgment - ancient silk traders often held jade while bartering.  A small piece of jade worn around the neck was said to dispel illness. Red jade is used to defuse tense situations and release energy. Orange jade and yellow jade both convey the gift of inner peace, joy and happiness. Blue jade is a peaceful jade. It helps wearer to maintain a steady energy and relaxes people who feel overwhelmed or under tremendous stress. Lavender jade is said to bring one in touch with their emotions. It is said to assist in honest communication and self control. Black and gray jade are thought to be strong protection from negative energy. Brown jade is said to be a stone connecting all of humanity to Mother Earth, often given as a housewarming gift or when changing jobs, because it is thought to aid in adjustments to any new environment.  White or cream jade is used to direct ones energy and assist in concentration by filtering out unwanted distractions.

Geographic Distribution

Russia Mexico Central and South America China Myanmar

Kynite

Kynite

Hue and tone

Derived from the Greek word Kyanos, meaning blue, Kynite is a gemstone as beautiful and mesmerizing as Blue Sapphire.  The rough kynite crystal is usually blue in color. However, kynite can also be green, grey, dark grey, white, black and colorless. The color is not always consistent and intense throughout the crystal and often white streaks and color zoning can be seen in blue kyanite. 

Mythology

In ancient times it was believed that a kynite suspended from a human hair could follow the earth's magnetic force like a compass needle. Travelers carried kyanite when they entered unknown territories to ensure a safe passage home. Kyanite is also believed to aid self-expression, communication and supernatural abilities.

Geographic Distribution

Austria, Brazil, India, Kenya, Myanmar, Serbia, Switzerland, USA , Zimbabwe

 Lapis Stones

Lapis Lazuli

Hue and tone

Lapis Lazuli occurs in various shades of blue with some qualities being speckled with white calcite and some with yellow pyrite.  Lapis Lazuli is composed from 'lapis', the Latin word for stone, and 'azula', which comes from the Arabic and means blue.

Mythology

Lapis Lazuli is gemstone straight out of fairy tales of the Arabian Nights: deepest blue with golden shining Pyrite inclusions  which twinkle like little stars.    Thousands of years  before Christ, Egyptian and Persian royalty wore lapis as a talisman to deter danger. Persian legend says that the heavens owed their blue color to a massive slab of Lapis upon which the earth rested.   In other cultures it was worshipped  as a holy stone and thought to have magical power in orental countries.   And in the art world it’s famous for the ultramarine blue paint used by the Grand Old Masters, like on portraits of the Virgin Mary.  While other compositions have long since paled, lapis has lost nothing of its brilliance.For many people lapis is a stone of truth and friendship. Bringing harmony to relationships and helping its wearer openly state their individual opinion.  While aiding inner vision, wisdom, insight and good judgment. It has been a symbol of purity, health, elegance, luck and nobility because of its intense and exclusive blue color

Geographic Distribution

Afghanistan  Siberia Egypt

 Sodalite

Sodalite

Hue and tone

Sodalite is a rich royal blue mineral widely enjoyed as an ornamental gemstone. It has rich royal blue, green, yellow, violet: mottled with white veins or patches.

Mythology

Sodalite brings order and calmness to the mind.  It encourages rational thought, objectivity, truth and intuition, along with verbalisation of feelings.  Sodalite brings emotional balance and calms panic attacks.  It enhances self-esteem, self-acceptance and self-trust.  

Geographic Distribution

Lemon Quartz

Lemon Quartz

Hue and tone

Known as the gemstone of Brazil and Africa, lemon quartz usually boasts a deep yellow-orange color. Depending on its varying shades of yellow, lemon quartz is also known as green gold, lemon citrine or lemon topaz.

Mythology

The word “quartz” comes from the Greek word , meaning ice, because it was believed that quartz was ice formed by the gods.  Lemon quartz is associated to help focus belief, with the results of harmony and happiness. So it is thought to be helpful for clearing the mind and facilitating the conversation. Many people wear the gemstone during interview in order to smooth communication and perform well.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil Africa

 Labradorite

Labradorite

Hue and tone

Labradorite is truly a fascinatingly beautiful mineral. Generally a dull, dark looking mineral with no special virtue until the colorful shiller is observed glowing on the surface. Labradorite can produce a colorful play of light across cleavage planes and in sliced sections called labradorescence. The usually intense colors range from the typical blues and violets through greens, yellows and oranges. Some rare specimens display all these colors simultaneously. The colors change according to the angle of light refraction and may be blue, green, yellow and pink. The base color of the stone itself a silvery gray.

Mythology

Labradorite promotes strength of will and a feeling of inner worth about your own abilities while relieving insecurity and apprehension about your value as a spiritual being. Labradorite helps to combine intellectual thought with intuitive wisdom enhancing discernment in all situations. It elicits creativity by inspiring you to come up with original ideas and solutions to problems. Labradorite helps on career too. It brings patience, which leads to better focus and concentration. This stone enhances perseverance, very helpful for those who are facing a period of  sustainied work, such as students at exam time and for those who are prone to overwork.

Geographic Distribution

Canada  Norway  Finland

 Moonstone

Moonstone 

Hue and tone

Moonstone is translucent, and softens the light shining through it to give a pearly moon-like glow.  This distinctive shimmering effect called adularescence, is caused by the way the stone reflects light.   Moonstone comes in colorless, white, grey, and subtle yellow or peach, but always has a blue or white sheen. Rainbow moonstone is colorless with a blue sheen and a rainbow-like array of colors – a very attractive semi-precious stone. Labradorite is truly a fascinatingly beautiful mineral. Generally a dull, dark looking mineral with no colors simultaneously. The colors change according to the angle of light refraction and may be blue, green, yellow and pink. The base color of the stone itself a silvery gray.

Mythology

Moonstone is thought to grow stronger or weaker with the moons cycle.  During full-moon it’s a very powerful stone for the reconciling of love, and as the moon decreases, is said to allow person to foretell the future.  In India it’s sacred for lovers.  Moonstone brings confidence and calms the emotions, easing an understanding of spirituality, intuition, and clairvoyance.  Especially protective to seafarers who have been using it since ancient times. 

Geographic Distribution

Sri Lanka  India

 Malachite Stones

Malachite

Hue and tone

Malachite named for the Greek word for "mallow", a green herb. It is is always green, usually in banded tones varying from very dark green to a mellow green.  Its banded light and dark green designs are one-of-a-kind, and give it a unique ornamental quality unlike that of any other stone. The light and dark green bands are so distinctive that malachite maybe one of the most easily recognized minerals by the general public.

Mythology

Mining Malachite began as early as 4000 BC by ancient Egyptians. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used malachite for jewelry and ground it to use as eye shadow. It is used in amulets to protect against the evil eye. In the Middle Ages it was used to protect children from witches and other dangers. It is said to protect the wearer from accidents and protects travelers. Malachite has been used to aid success in business and protect against undesirable business associations. It is a stone of balance in relationships. Malachite is the anniversary gemstone for the 13th year of marriage. 

Geographic Distribution

Chile and Australia

 Prehnite

Prehnite

Hue and tone

Often an oily bright green, prehnite may also range from pale yellowish to a brown coloring. Prehnite is known in China as Putao Yu, or "Grape Jade" due to its nodular crystal habit which can appear like a bunch of pale-green grapes.

Mythology

Prehnite enhances inner knowledge, showing the path forward to spiritual growth through attunement to divine energy. Prehnite connects the will and the heart.  Wear prehnite to strengthen your intuition and recognize truths. Prehnite can protect one on all levels, as it strengthens the life force and generally increases energy as well as stimulating it.  It is also known as a stone of prophesy which stimulates inner knowing of oneself.  It is a very accepting stone, encouraging analytical thinking and helps to dispel unpleasant memories. Prehnite crystals will help to teach one to let go of old memories that are painful. If there has been avoidance of the truth due to pain, these crystals will assist you in facing, understanding, and ridding yourself of that pain.  It will help one to recognize the true potent ional that lies within, your divine self.  It will guide in fulfilling this potential, even if it is through a mundane life; it eases acceptance of circumstance without allowing the surrender of dreams.

Geographic Distribution

Australia, Canada, China, Germany, India, Namibia, Scotland, South Africa, USA

 

Peridot

Hue and tone

Peridot is the gem variety of olivine, a mineral formed under intense heat.  Perhaps named from the French word “peritot” meaning unclear, due to its inclusions and cloudy nature.

Mythology

Peridot has been mined as a gemstone for thousands of years, said to be the favorite gem of Cleopatra, and mentioned in the Bible.  In ancient Egypt it was mined at night because legend tells that peridot was hard to see during the day, yet easily visible by lamplight. Peridot has also been confused with emerald and many jewelers refer to it as "evening emerald".   Peridot was later used to decorate medieval churches, carried back to Europe by the Crusaders, like the huge stones of more than 200 carats in size at Cologne Cathedral.Peridot is recommended for insomnia, digestive problems and to stimulate the mind.  Some say peridot has the power to drive away evil spirits, intensified when the stone is set in gold. 

Geographic Distribution

Egypt   Myanmar   Pakistan   Brazil   Germany   Mexico   Australia   

 Rutillated Quartz

Rutilated Quartz

Hue and tone

Rutilated quartz is a variety of quartz in which thin long needle-like forms of rutile are created within the quartz. These rutile enclosures resemble beautiful, colorful fibers encased within the mineral. One of the most distinctive features of rutilated quartz is that no two stones are ever exactly alike. Each stone is unique, and hence special. The differences can occur in terms of differently colored rutile enclosures, the number of rutile enclosures, their thickness, their degree of transparency and so on.

Mythology

Rutilated quartz rings forth each person's strengths, originality, aids sleep, relate to others. Rutile is said to intensify the metaphysical properties of its host crystal and to enhance one's understanding of difficult situations. It is also said to enhance creativity and to relieve depression and loneliness. Rutilated quartz is said to slow down the aging process and is said to be a strong healer.

Geographic Distribution

Australia, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Norway, Pakistan, USA

 Ruby Zoisite

Ruby Zoisite

Hue and tone

Ruby zoisite is a mineral formed from a combination of ruby and zoisite. This mineral commonly comes in a light green base with the red or pink rubies scattered throughout the stone. Ruby zoisite is a unique stone in that it has two different hardness levels on the Moh scale.

Mythology

Ruby Zoisite is a creative stone, its energy coming from the red and green colors. In the chakra system red relates to creativity and sexuality, and green is associated with healing, balancing, and abundance. By itself, ruby is associated with passion. It can bring anger to the surface, and will amplify any emotion. Zoisite provides a natural medium for softening ruby's qualities. Its green cools and stabilizes. This is very valuable when passion seems overwhelming, and ruby in zoisite is excellent for healing a broken heart and reducing obsessive feelings about another person.It can also be very helpful for creative energies. Often our ideas swirl around in our heads, never quite reaching realization. What is needed in such cases is some stabilizing energy, which zoisite provides. Ruby zoisite has become more popular. This may indication that more people are ready to have relationships which heal, not hurt, and to be more expressive of their innate creativity.

Geographic Distribution

Carinthia  Tanzania  Kenya  Norway  USA

 Ruby

Ruby

Hue and tone

The ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum . The ruby is considered one of the four precious stones, together with the sapphire, the emerald, and the diamond.

Mythology

Red is the color of love. It radiates warmth and a strong sense of vitality. And red is also the color of the ruby, the king of the gemstones. For thousands of years, the ruby has been considered one of the most valuable gemstones on Earth. It has everything a precious stone should have: magnificent color, excellent hardness and outstanding brilliance. Sanskrit word for ruby is 'ratnaraj', which means something like 'king of the gemstones'. And it was a royal welcome indeed which used to be prepared for it. Whenever a particularly beautiful ruby crystal was found, the ruler sent high dignitaries out to meet the precious gemstone and welcome it in appropriate style.  ruby is the perfect way to express powerful feelings. Instead of symbolizing a calm, controlled affection, a ring set with a precious ruby bears witness to that passionate, unbridled love that people can feel for each other.

Geographic Distribution

Myanmar  Thailand   Sri Lanka   Vietnam   India  Tanzania   China

 rhodochrosite gemstones

Rhodochrosite

Hue and tone

Rhodochrosite (whose name means rose-colored), also known as Inca Rose Stone, Raspberry Spar, Manganese Spar, is a very attractive mineral with an absolutely one-of-a-kind, beautiful color. It comes in a variety of shades from bright red to soft shades of pink, and opaque forms with swirling patterns

Mythology

Rhodochrosite is a fairly recent discovery in the mineral kingdom. it was discovered in Argentina just before World War II. Because remnants of this stone were also discovered during the time of the Incas, it is sometimes called "Inca Rose".  Gentle and yet probably the most vibrant loving stone to heal the Heart Chakra, especially for giving and receiving love, Rhodochrosite is the "Stone of Love and Balance". 

Geographic Distribution

Argentina, Mexico, USA, Namibia, South Africa, Spain and Romania 

 Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz

Hue and tone

A rose-pink variety of Quartz, usually found massive and showing a hazy to translucent character due to microscopic inclusions.

Mythology

Rose quartz is an excellent heart-healing gemstone. It is a nature remedy that can be used for treating any issue that needs emotional healing. Rose quartz is a pink-colored crystal that carries a very gentle and soothing energy and gives comfort to anyone whose heart has been wounded. Rose quartz is known as the love stone. It helps the user feel a strong sense of self-worth, therefore being worth love. Rose quartz is the stone of universal love. It is also the stone of love in marriage. When worn in jewelry the wearer feels a sense of self-worth. Rose Quartz has a gentle vibration of love for the owner. It gives inner peace and helps in all matters pertaining to love in all its forms. Rose Quartz opens the heart to love. It also helps as a rejuvenator to the skin. It is a lovely stone for a young person.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil USA

 Smoky Quartz

Smoky Quartz

Hue and tone

Smoky quartz is a brown to black variety of quartz.

Mythology

It promotes Personal pride and joy in living, creativity in business, opens the path for perception and learning. Smokey Quartz is a grounding stone that transmutes negative energies and facilitates your ability to get things done in the practical world. It enhances organizational skills and is good to have around in the workplace or home office. Smokey Quartz is connected with the sounds of the universe. It makes you more aware of sounds including telepathic sounds. Smokey Quartz helps relieve depression.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil, USA,  Africa

 Tiger's Eye Gemstone

Tiger’s Eye

Hue and tone

Tiger’s Eye most commonly has rich gold with earthy browns but can be red, cream, blue and black. Tiger's-eye is polished to show  its characteristic band of pearly luminescence, resulting from light reflecting off its thin parallel inclusions in the quartz. 

Mythology

Tiger’s-Eye is good for those worried about health as it’s said to guard against hypochondria.  It builds will-power and inner-strength, and has traditionally been used to heal wounds, eyes, and the lower legs and feet.  It’s also said to bring spiritual well-being and psychic protection – as well as attracting beauty and abundance. Similar stones are cat’s-eye and hawk’s-eye – all with bands of pearly luminescence creating a supernatural appearance.  Cat’s-eye can be yellowish-brown to green with a white band, and is said to bring wealth and pleasure from your children.  Hawk’s-eye has a blue radiance.  When a bright light source is directed at the side of the stone, one side of the eye will be milky white and the other remains colored.  When the stone is rotated, the colors switch.

Geographic Distribution

South Africa

 Turquoise Gemstone

Turquoise

Hue and tone

The color of turquoise ranges from sky blue through various shades of green to greenish and yellowish gray. Turquoise is opaque except in the thinnest splinters, and has a feeble, faintly waxy lustre. 

Mythology

Turquoise with its blue hue, is among the oldest known gemstones. Turquoise was obtained from the Sinai Peninsula before the 4th millennium BC in one of the world's first important hard-rock mining operations. Turquoise started being used before 4000 BC. Turquoise was an important ornamental mineral for jewelry and other object by the ancient Egyptians. It graced the necks of Egyptian Pharaohs and adorned the ceremonial dress of early native Americans. Turquoise has been attributed with healing powers as well as promoting the wearer's status and wealth. A very special stone indeed, Turquoise is a sacred stone to many American Indian tribes and has been used in various jewelry items.  Turquoise is believed to bring happiness and good fortune to all. It's said that turquoise attracts healing spirits, making it a premier healing stone. Believed to be a protective stone, turquoise is worn to guard against violence and accidents. Turquoise is also a valuable amulet for travelers. 

Geographic Distribution

North Africa   Middle East   Burma   China

 Topaz

Topaz

Hue and tone

Pure topaz is colorless, but it also occurs in a broad range of colors: yellow, blue, pink, peach, gold, green, red, and brown.

Mythology

Topaz is a  gemstone that has been used for centuries in jewelry. The Egyptians said that topaz was colored with the golden glow of the mighty sun god Ra. This made topaz a very powerful amulet that protected the faithful against harm. The Romans associated topaz with Jupiter, who also is the god of the sun. And Greek legend has it that topaz could make the wearer invisible and would change color in the presence of poisoned food or drink. Topaz is helpful in correcting unwanted, unsloving behavior patterns, replace negativity with love and joyfulness, initiate faith, enhances relaxation, creates lighteness of spirit and stimulates feelings of peace.

Geographic Distribution

Brazil   Mexico   Sri Lanka   Africa  China